Unit 5: Division and Reunion

  • Course Outline


    Unit 5: Division and Reunion


    I. Underlying Causes of the Civil War

    A. Territorial expansion and slavery

    1. The secession of Texas (1836)

    2. The Mexican War (1846-1848)

    3. Oregon Territory

    4. The westward movement and its effects on the physical, social, and cultural environments

    B. The emotional impact of slavery

    1. Uncle Tom's Cabin

    2. John Brown's raid on Harper's Ferry

    3. Fugitive slave laws

    C. Failure of political compromise

    1. Compromise of 1850

    2. Kansas-Nebraska Act

    3. Founding of the Republican Party (1854-1856)

    4. Dred Scott V. Sanford (1857)

    5. Lincoln-Douglas debate (1858)

    6. Election of 1860

    7. Firing on Fort Sumter (1861)


    II. The Civil War Begins

    A. The presidency of Lincoln

    1. Personal Leadership

    2. Opposition

    3. Emancipation Proclamation

    B. Advantages and disadvantages of each side

    1. Advantages

    a. South

    i. Military leadership

    ii. Commitment of people to preserve their way of life

    b. North

    i. Effective Navy

    ii. Larger Army

    iii. Manufacturing

    iv. Agricultural production as wartime benefit

    v. Transportation system

    2. Disadvantages

    a. South

    i. Lacked manufacturing

    ii. Lacked a navy

    iii. Not prepared for war

    b. North

    i. Lacked quality military leadership

    ii. Not prepared for war

    3. Geographic factors influenced the war's progress and outcome

    a. Role of physical and other barriers

    4. Major campaigns evolved around a changing strategy on both sides.

    5. Wartime problems and political issues

    6. Foreign policy maneuvering was crucial to the final outcome.

    a. Seward's concern with Mexico

    b. Emancipation Proclamation as an element of foreign policy

    7. Technology of the war

    C. New York State in the Civil War

    1. Military role

    2. Political opposition in New York City

    3. Conscription laws and draft riots

    a. Undemocratic nature of the draft

    b. Conscription as a a factor in racism


    III. Results of the Civil War

    A. Preservation of the Union

    B. Abolition of slavery

    1. The Emancipation Proclamation

    2. Civil Rights and the Thirteenth Amendment.

    C. Political power and decision making

    1. Secession

    2. State's Rights

    D. Reconstruction-theory, practice, and termination

    1. Lincoln's plan

    2. Johnson's plan and Congressional opposition resulted in his impeachment.

    3. Congressional reconstruction

    4. Constitutional amendments 14 and 15 guarantee equal rights for all races except Native American Indians.

    5. Problems of economic and social reconstruction led to sharecropping as a substitute for slavery.

    6. The official end of Reconstruction in 1877

    Segregation held legal: Plessy V. Ferguson (1896)

    E. The enormous human suffering and loss of life caused by the war

Unit 6: Division and Reunion